Types of Anginas and Their Risk Factors

What Is an Angina?

Angina is a type of chest pain or discomfort brought on by a lack of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. Your chest may experience pressure or squeezing. Your neck, jaw, abdomen, back, shoulders, and arms may also feel uncomfortable. The pain from angina can resemble dyspepsia. Additionally, some patients experience other symptoms including weariness or shortness of breath but no pain. An “anginal equivalent” is what is seen if these symptoms are brought on by the heart muscle not receiving enough oxygen.

If you are suffering from any chest pains and live in Lahore, we suggest you visit the following Cardiologist in Lahore.

The Types of Anginas

There are four types of anginas:

  • Stable Angina
  • Unstable Angina
  • Microvascular Angina
  • Vasoplastic Angina also known as Variant Angina

Stable Angina:

Stable angina is the most common form of angina. Exertion usually triggers it, and it normally subsides with rest or angina medicine. Angina, for instance, may cause pain while you’re walking uphill or in chilly weather. Discomfort from stable angina is predictable and frequently comparable to chest pain from earlier bouts. The average duration of the chest pain is five minutes or less.

Unstable Angina:

Unstable angina is unpredictable and occurs at rest. Or the angina discomfort is getting worse and requires less exertion. It usually lasts for at least 20 minutes and is more severe than stable angina. Neither relaxation nor the typical angina drugs relieve the agony. If the blood flow doesn’t get better, the heart becomes oxygen-starved and suffers a heart attack.

Variant Angina:

Variant angina, isn’t due to coronary artery disease. It is brought on by a spasm in the arteries of the heart, which momentarily lowers blood flow. The primary symptom of variant angina is severe chest discomfort. It usually happens in cycles, usually while you’re sleeping or at rest. Medication for angina may reduce the pain.

Microvascular Angina:

Microvascular Angina is a form of angina brought on by issues with the coronary arteries’ tiniest blood capillaries. The coronary arteries that encircle your heart feed it with oxygenated blood on a continuous basis. The small blood arteries, also known as the coronary microvasculature, supply a significant portion of the blood to your heart.

Risk Factors

The Risk factors of Angina are as stated below:

Age: Plaque builds up in your arteries as you age hence the older you are the more likely you are to develop coronary artery disease or angina.

Environment: Your risk of angina may rise as a result of your job. Examples include work that interferes with your ability to sleep, is stressful, necessitates extended periods of sitting or standing, is noisy, or exposes you to radiation risks.

Genetics: Heart disease in usually runs in families. Heart disease can even strike those who don’t have any lifestyle-related risk factors.

Lifestyle choices: Your likelihood of experiencing angina increases as your number of risk factors for heart disease increases. The following are the primary lifestyle risk factors for angina:

  • Usage of alcohol can cause variant angina
  • Addiction to illegal drugs, which can narrow your blood arteries and make your heart race
  • Absence of exercise
  • Long-term secondhand smoke exposure or tobacco use
  • Stress
  •  Unhealthy dietary habits

Sex: Men above the ages of 45 years have a higher chance to develop angina as compared to a woman of the same age

If you are subject to any of the above risk factors and are experiencing any form of chest discomfort, and live in Rawalpindi we suggest you visit the Best Cardiologist in rawalpindi.

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